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During your time at university, you will probably be asked to give an oral presentation to your peers, whether as part of an assessment for a module, as a group presentation in a seminar, or during an interview. Presentations require as much thought, planning and research as written essays, even though their purpose, style and audience are often different. For many students, delivering a presentation can be a nerve-wracking experience, but it does not have to be! Here are some tips to help you develop your presentations and enjoy doing them.
Planning a presentation
Five key questions to ask yourself:
- What are your presentation’s objectives?
- Who is your audience?
- What content are you going to include?
- How much time do you have?
- What visual aids will you use?
In each case, your answer should reflect the needs of your audience, plus any assessment criteria.
Writing a presentation
- Script vs notes: always write notes eg, on index cards. Never rely on writing out the whole presentation and simply reading it.
- Plan out the presentation to get a smooth flow of ideas.
- Think extra-hard about an engaging introduction and memorable conclusion.
- Learn how to use PowerPoint® or a similar presentation tool, but make sure your slides are suitable and helpful. For example, make sure your font size is large enough to be readable.
- Use pictures and diagrams effectively! Keep your images simple. Avoid unnecessary clutter or distracting transitions.
- Be aware of copyright for images. The ASC Short Guide to using visuals in your writing (2015) can help you.
- Make sure you have a back-up plan in case technology fails.
- Practise, practise, and practise! It’s that simple. Why not ask a friend to be your audience so you can get some feedback?
- Be enthusiastic. If you appear passionate and interested in your topic, your audience will be too.
- Body language and posture. Stand with a relaxed but confident posture to deliver your presentation. Smile and make eye contact with your audience, and try not to pace or fidget.
- Your voice is your best tool! Practice will help you learn to speak clearly and project.
- Watch your pace. Many students lose marks for nervously racing through their presentation. This hinders understanding. Pause now and again to drink some water and slow yourself down.
Question and answer session
- Be prepared. Think through in advance what you might be asked.
- How do you respond? Practise some responses. On the day, make sure you listen carefully and give yourself a moment to consider your answer.
- Do not make up the answer if you’re unsure! Be honest, and try a phrase such as ‘that’s an interesting question that had not occurred to me.’
- Presentation nerves can be positive! To do the best possible presentation, you need some energy, some ‘edge’. Totally nerveless performances can be flat.
- Preparation is key! If you have prepared an interesting presentation with a clear structure and lots of examples, your anxiety will decrease.
- Think positively. Your lecturer, seminar tutor and your peers all want you to do well. Afterwards, you will feel great!
- Relaxation techniques. Everybody has their own way of controlling and channelling nerves. See the readings on the back page for examples of relaxation techniques.
Five Top tips
- Let your interest and 1 enthusiasm shine through.
- A STRONG introduction and conclusion will focus 2 your audience.
- Practise your presentation and watch 3 your timing.
- Use PowerPoint® and other visual or technological resources, but only if they add something.
- Aim to enjoy 5 the experience!
Further references on presentation skills
Chivers, B. and Shoolbred, M. (2007) A student’s guide to presentations. London: Sage.
University of Birmingham. Academic Skills Centre. (2016) Short guide to images in your writing. Available at: https://intranet.birmingham.ac.uk/as/ libraryservices/library/skills/asc/documents/ public/pgtusingvisuals.pdf (Accessed: 10 January 2016).
University of Birmingham. (2016) Presentation skills. Available at: https://canvas.bham.ac.uk/enroll/L6TC4A (Accessed: 12 May 2016)
University of Leicester. Student Learning Development. (2016) Using PowerPoint®. Available at: www2.le.ac.uk/offices/ld/resources/ presentations/using-ppt (Accessed: 10 January 2016).
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