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Good Academic Practice: A Guide


All scholars engage with and build on the work of other scholars. This is part of the process of academia. However, if you attempt to pass off others writers' arguments or modes of expression as your own, or if you reference inaccurately, this is considered poor academic practice. Take steps to avoid this. 

References and further reading

Reference for the piece of text used in the paraphrasing example:

About Birmingham [online]. Available from:  -Birmingham.aspx [Accessed 6 May 2014]

Further Resources and Information:

Paraphrasing [online]. Available from: [Accessed 6 August 2021]

iCite: Referencing at the University of Birmingham [online]. Available from: [Accessed 6 August 2021]

Quoting and Paraphrasing [online]. Available at: [Accessed 6 August 2021]

Examples of paraphrasing without plagiarising [online]. Available at:  [Accessed 6 August 2021]


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